A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.
Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Being dependant on a substance can lead to strong cravings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:
The individual uses the substance and does not have the power to stop - in several instances, like alcohol, nicotine or drug addiction, he/she at least once really tried to quit, but was unsuccessful.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Constant vomiting and constipation may also occur in some situations. There may be seizures, hallucinations, sweats, trembling, and violence when certain substances are involved.
The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. A case in point is when a smoker will continue to smoke even with a diagnosis of lung or heart disease.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They will cut on house spending to buy the drugs.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
Serenely and isolation - much of the time the addict may take their substance alone and even in mystery.
Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excess consumption - in addictions involving alcohol and some substance, the addict uses in excess. Some consequences to this are blacking out and not being able to remember periods of time and even physical symptoms, like the presence of a persistent cough or sore throat in a heavy smoker.
Dropping hobbies and activities - with time, the person may start shying away from those activities that makes him happy before. This can even happen to smokers who discover that they can't physically do the sports or outdoor activities that the once enjoyed.
Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Budgetary troubles - if the substance is costly the dependent individual may yield a considerable measure to ensure its supply is secured. In some countries, even cigarettes are very expensive, like in the UK, UK, and parts of Europe where someone who smokes two packs a day will spend '660 per month, nearly '8,000 per year.
Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.
Some substance/liquor abusers who are not actually dependent may likewise experience the ill effects of or cause a portion of the portrayals specified above, yet they don't more often than not have the withdrawal manifestations of someone who is addicted or a similar impulse to devour the substance.