Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. Looking for and using the substance becomes uncontrollable. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Drug dependency is a long-time illness from which it is not possible to quit at will and remain clean. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
An addict in treatment must work toward the following:
Stop taking drugs
stay drug free
Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Standards Of Effective Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No exclusive treatment is correct for everybody.
Treatment needs to be readily available.
Viable treatment addresses the greater part of the patient's needs, not only his or her drug intake.
Going through with the programme is essential.
Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
When medications are administered in conjunction with behavioural therapies, they form a valuable part of the treatment.
A treatment plan must be evaluated frequently and adapted to suit the changing requirements of the patient.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
Substance use during treatment should be observed constantly.
Treatment projects ought to test patients for HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis and different chronic infections in addition show them about strides they can go for broke of these illnesses.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
Relapse prevention through long-term check-ups
A scope of care with a custom-made treatment program and follow-up choices can be pivotal for achievement.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Are Medications Used In Drug Addiction Treatment?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
Withdrawal Medicines help in decreasing withdrawal side effects amidst detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself "treatment," rather just the initial phase all the while. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. According to a study, 80% of detoxifications used medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. Treatment for every substance they have ever abused will be necessary for those that use multiple drugs.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
Change their conducts and practices linked with drug usage
Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These programmes usually provide types of behavioural therapy like:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients recognize, avoid, and cope with the situations in which they are most likely to use drugs
multidimensional family therapy-devised for teenagers with substance dependency issues as well as their families-which looks at a series of influences on their substance abuse patterns and is created to better family functioning in general
motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). 24-hour planned and organised care system, coupled with proper medical care and safe housing are given in residential treatment facilities that are licensed. Private treatment offices may utilize an assortment of remedial methodologies and they are for the most part gone for helping the patient carry on a drug free and crime free way of life after treatment.
Residential treatment setting samples:
Therapeutic communities where patients are domiciled in a residence mostly for 6 to 12 months, undergoing programs that are streamlined. The whole group, including treatment staff and those in recuperation, approach as key specialists of progress, affecting the patient's states of mind, comprehension and practices related with drug utilisation.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. Those undergoing treatment, especially in prison or inpatient facilities will find it very useful, as they will understand the best way to handle and overcome the triggers that will face them after recovery.